All About Steel
When you hear the word “alloys,” does the picture of a long, narrow metal snake flash through your head? If so, then you have come to the right place. In this brief article, we’ll cover some of the various metals that are often blended to form steel. We’ll also go over some of the technical details behind the various alloy names, as well as the most common steels that are employed in a wide variety of applications.
All About Steel – The term “alloy”
can be used as both a noun and a verb. In the context of this article, the term refers to any type of alloy, including stainless steel, zinc alloy, copper alloy, brass alloy, etc. In the article, we’ll cover some basics about the types of metals commonly blended to form alloys.
Alloys are products whose internal properties
are altered by the way they’re formed so that they can be used in a wide variety of industries. For instance, stainless steel is a very tough alloy, capable of withstanding high temperatures and resist corrosion. Zinc and chromium are common alloys that have excellent electrical conductivity because they have a specific material that allows conductivity to increase depending on the application.
An alloy can have any number of internal properties
but the most common ones are hardness, ductility (ability to bend), toughness (physical resistance to being damaged), and homogeneity (natural distribution of internal crystalline structures). These properties add up to create a steel type. Steel types are sometimes referred to as cold work or hot work steel. Cold work alloys are harder, stronger, lighter, and tend to diffuse light better than hot work alloys. Hot work alloys are more brittle than cold work and are generally used for low-alloy structural steel masonry and the forming of ornamental metal jewelry, such as wedding rings. Cold work also tends to be less expensive than hot work steel.
Alloys are also classified as soft
hard, or soft-tough. Some examples of the latter are cast iron, aluminum, stainless steel, titanium, brass, copper, zinc, iron, tungsten, tin, steel, and iron alloys. Examples of the former include oil, water, and salt alloys, while examples of the former include steel, magnesium, aluminum, tin, copper, zinc, iron, tin, steel, magnesium, iron, phosphorous, boron, carbonate, aluminum, limestone, salt, limestone, granite, phosphate, boron, titanium, cobalt, magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus. The hard and soft types of alloys differ from each other in their hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength, mechanical stiffness, electrical conductivity, chemical composition, dielectric strength, thermal expansion, mechanical characteristics, ability to bear weight, etc.
There are a lot more types of steel
that are used for different purposes, but these are some of the most common. You may find the term “steel” offensive or provoke some strong reactions depending on where you come from. In America, on the other hand, the term is considered quite appropriate. Whatever the situation is, it is undeniable that steel has proven its worth throughout the years. Now that you have some knowledge about the various types of steel, what is your plan of action?