Hydrofracking is currently receiving a lot of attention
It is a controversial drilling technique. Opponents argue that it poses serious threats to the environment and the general safety of people who live near where the hydrofracking takes place. Hydrofracking involves injecting corrosive chemicals into the ground at high pressure in order to fracture and release natural gas and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) – a byproduct of petroleum drilling. The natural gas, however, does not flow directly into the ground; rather, it is carried by conveyor belts to injection wells where it is recovered. Proponents of hydrofracking claim that the methods used do not cause significant harm to the environment, while opponents argue that any risk should be kept at the minimum.
Hydrofracking has already caused significant environmental harm in the past, such as when wastewater from drilling operations was injected into lakes and rivers. This contaminated the nearby groundwater, which can lead to a number of contaminants in the drinking water supply. Another problem occurred in the United States when treated sewage was discharged into rivers and streams, leading to contamination in the fish and plants there. In some areas, farmers were forced to abandon their fields due to the polluted water. The hydrofracking method of drilling is also believed to affect rainfall, which in turn affects agricultural output.
the negative effects of hydrofracking
However, the negative effects of hydrofracking have largely been negated by advances in science and technology that have reduced the amount of chemicals injected into the earth. There have also been efforts to promote healthy soil development and use of natural fertilizers and pesticides to help restore the land. Another reason why this method of hydraulic fracturing has not caused significant harm is the fact that most wastewater produced during the drilling process is used for other purposes, leaving very little for the environment to be affected. If anything, there is still much that can be done to reduce the effects of hydrofracking on the environment. There are numerous laws in the United States, Canada and Europe that have been introduced to protect the environment and prevent serious damage from occurring.
With the increasing interest in alternative sources of energy, hydrofracking has become a popular choice. Most countries have now banned hydrofracking to increase the supply of natural gas and crude oil. Europe has been one of the most outspoken advocates for hydrofracking, arguing that the method is less harmful than other methods of hydraulic fracturing. Canada, too, has been opposed to hydrofracking for natural gas and oil. There are reports of cancer-causing chemicals being released during hydrofracking and the use of huge amounts of natural gas and oil. These natural gases and oil, along with the high pressure and high temperatures involved, can cause major damage to the surrounding environment.
injecting water or toxic chemicals into the ground to recover natural gas and oil
Concerns have also been raised over the effect on the environment of injecting water or toxic chemicals into the ground to recover natural gas and oil. There have been reports of birth defects in children as well as sickness due to exposure to toxic chemicals and water. Some reports suggest that there may be a causal link between hydrofracking and various cancers. This is largely unproven, as there are no studies to prove or disprove the claims.
Hydrofracking is not the only method used to obtain natural gas and oil, and the techniques used do not mean that there will be no negative impact on the environment. In fact, some environmentalists have even claimed that hydraulic fracturing poses more threat to the environment than nuclear waste disposal. There is still much controversy surrounding hydraulic fracturing and how it affects the environment. Only time will tell if the practices of hydraulic fracturing will affect the environment in a negative way or in a positive way.